COVID-19 threat to First Nations, Inuit communities grows as it eases elsewhere
Nunavut identified its first positive case of COVID-19 in the 1,600-strong, largely Inuit community of Pond Inlet on Baffin Island
OTTAWA — The federal government will be under pressure May 1 to explain what it’s doing to prevent COVID-19 from spreading like wildfire through First Nations reserves and remote Inuit communities in the North.
Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett, Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller and Northern Affairs Minister Dan Vandal are scheduled to be grilled by MPs at a virtual meeting of the House of Commons Indigenous and Northern Affairs committee.
Their appearance comes one day after Nunavut identified its first positive case of COVID-19 in the 1,600-strong, largely Inuit community of Pond Inlet on Baffin Island.
First Nations reserves and remote communities are considered among the most vulnerable areas in the country, due to often over-crowded living conditions that make physical distancing next to impossible and the lack of ready access to health-care services.
Even as the infection rate appears to be slowing down in most of the country and provinces are taking the first cautious steps toward reopening their economies, chief public health officer Dr. Theresa Tam warned April 30 about the growing risk to Indigenous communities.
“I am also concerned about increasing numbers of COVID-19 in First Nations communities in several provinces,” she said.
“We must get ahead of things to protect and support these communities, ramping up testing and contact tracing to find where chains of transmission are occurring.”
As of April 29, Miller said there have been 129 COVID-19 cases in First Nations reserves and 16 confirmed cases in Nunavik’s Inuit communities.
As for Nunavut’s first case, Miller promised that the federal government “will be giving this our full attention to ensure appropriate contact tracing and maximum containment efforts are undertaken.”
The federal government has so far committed more than $690 million to pandemic preparedness and procurement of supplies and nursing services for Indigenous communities.
It has been heavily criticized, however, for largely ignoring the needs of Indigenous people living off reserve.
As the situation grows more worrisome for Indigenous communities, Prince Edward Island is poised May 1 to become the second province to cautiously begin a gradual return to normal.
It will restart priority, non-urgent health-care services, including some elective surgeries and certain health providers, including physiotherapists, optometrists and chiropractors. And it will begin allowing outdoor gatherings and non-contact outdoor recreational activities of no more than five individuals from different households.
P.E.I. follows New Brunswick’s move last week to allow limited golfing, fishing and hunting; interactions between two families; and a return to school for post-secondary students.
Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba are planning to ease some restrictions starting on May 4.
Quebec, which has seen the largest number of COVID-19 cases and deaths, is also set to re-open retail stores outside Montreal on May 4, with those in Montreal to follow on May 11. Schools and daycares outside Montreal are set to re-open May 11 as well.
The federal government, in collaboration with the provinces and territories, unveiled earlier this week national guidelines for re-opening shuttered businesses and allowing Canadians to resume more normal activities.
During a conference call late April 30, premiers “reaffirmed their commitment to the joint statement on the shared public health approach to support restarting the economy,” Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s office said a statement summarizing the call.
“They spoke about the plans they are putting forward in each of their respective jurisdictions to restart the economy. First ministers acknowledged the importance of doing this through a gradual and phased approach, based on the advice of public health experts.”