Canadian Manufacturing

US appeals softwood ruling to WTO appeals body it rendered inoperative

It has collected almost $3 billion in illegal duties from Canadian softwood producers

September 29, 2020  The Canadian Press

OTTAWA — International Trade Minister Mary Ng says it is extremely disappointing that the United States has decided to appeal a World Trade Organization ruling against its softwood-lumber duties, particularly because the US is making it impossible for that appeal to be heard.

In April 2017 the US imposed duties averaging about 20 per cent on most Canadian softwood exports, alleging that Canada was both unfairly subsidizing its industry and then dumping wood into the US at unfair prices.

The WTO ruled in August that the US could not back up its claims, and the US has now appealed that decision.

But Ng says the US decision to appeal is confusing since earlier this year the US decided that the WTO appeal body did not need to exist.

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Complaining that the WTO group has been making decisions beyond its jurisdiction, the US has refused to appoint new members, leaving it without enough people to operate.

Stephen de Boer, Canada’s permanent representative at the WTO, told a dispute-settlement meeting Sept. 28 that the US refused an arbitration offer by Canada and its appeal to a body the US has rendered defunct is compounding the unfairness of the duties.

“An appeal, in the current circumstances, has the effect of denying Canada its right, under the dispute-settlement understanding, to prompt settlement of this dispute,” he said, according to a written record of his statements.

De Boer says the US has collected almost $3 billion in illegal duties from Canadian softwood producers since they were introduced in 2017.

This is the fifth time the US has gone after Canada’s softwood industry since 1982. In most of the previous disputes, Canada has won before international tribunals and the two countries reached joint settlements.

The most recent agreement expired in 2015 but the US agreed not to do anything about it for at least one year. The US Lumber Coalition initiated a complaint less than a month after that moratorium ended, and the ensuing tariffs were announced in April 2017.

Canada is also fighting the tariffs through the North American Free Trade Agreement dispute process, which was in effect at the time the tariffs were imposed.


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