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FAO report says business hydro subsidy to cost Ontario taxpayers $15.2 billion by 2040

The Canadian Press

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The province said a program was necessary because hydro rates for business customers were too high.

Subsidizing hydro rates for industrial and large commercial businesses will cost Ontario taxpayers an estimated $15.2 billion by 2040, the province’s fiscal watchdog said on Mar. 18.

Financial Accountability Officer Peter Weltman said that is a result of a provincial program announced last fall that would see hydro rates for about 1,400 large business customers cut by 14 per cent.

“The costs are being moved from the ratepayers…over to the taxpayers,” he said. “That is what’s happening.”

The province said the program was necessary because hydro rates for business customers were too high.


But even with the subsidies, which took effect Jan. 1, large commercial businesses will still be paying amongst the highest hydro rates in the country, the report says, while industrial ratepayers will see prices drop below the Canadian average.

The province also said the program would subsidize the high cost of green energy contracts and lessen the impact they have on business ratepayers.

The FAO report notes the contracts are the result of the Green Energy Act created in 2009 by the previous Liberal government, which secured about 12 per cent of the province’s energy supply from solar, wind and bioenergy generation.

The watchdog said the province has more than 33,000 green energy deals and the amount paid to generators under the contracts is significantly higher than the average price of electricity in Ontario.

Weltman noted the contracts – many of which have a 20-year term – were one factor that contributed to the provinces’ hydro prices doubling over a decade between 2009 and 2019.

The FAO estimates that the program will cost the province $2.8 billion over the first three years, but the subsidy will gradually decrease as contracts expire over time.

Residential, farm and small business hydro customers will also see their rates reduced under the program, but the FAO said the government will “recover” the cost of those subsidies by lowering a discount already provided through the Ontario Electricity Rebate program.

The president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees – Ontario criticized the government for creating the program, saying the money should be put to better use.

“We’re talking about over $15-billion that could — and should — be funding a minimum care standard in long-term care, make our schools safe, ensure a supply of PPE for all workers who need them, reduce surgical wait times in hospitals, and so much more,” Fred Hahn said in a statement.


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