Norway’s wealth fund excludes oilsands investments over greenhouse gas emissions
Norges Bank Investment Management announced it would stop investing in Calgary-based Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., Cenovus Energy Inc., Suncor Energy Inc. and Imperial Oil Ltd.
CALGARY — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says news that one of the world’s largest investment funds will exclude four Canadian oilsands producers from consideration for investing is part of a continuing shift in global attitudes for which oil companies will have to adjust.
On May 13, Norges Bank Investment Management, which manages Norway’s sovereign wealth fund, announced it would stop investing in Calgary-based Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., Cenovus Energy Inc., Suncor Energy Inc. and Imperial Oil Ltd. after concluding they produce unacceptable levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
It also excluded three other non-Canadian companies, two over environmental concerns and one for human rights reasons. It said its holdings in all of the companies have been sold.
“We’ve seen investors around the world looking at the risks associated with climate change as an integral part of investment decisions they make,” Trudeau said in Ottawa on May 13ds in response to a reporter’s question.
“That is why it is so important for Canada to continue to move forward on fighting climate change and reduce our emissions in all sectors, and I can highlight that many companies in the energy sector have understood that the investment climate is shifting and there is a need for clear leadership and clear targets to reach on fighting climate change to draw on global capital.”
The fund said it is following recommendations from its Council On Ethics in making the decisions. It listed the council’s reasons for its outlook for the four oilsands companies individually but the four summaries of reasons were almost identical.
In each case, the council said the producer should be excluded “due to an unacceptable risk that the company is contributing to or is itself responsible for actions or omissions which, at the aggregate company level, lead to an unacceptable level of greenhouse gas emissions.”
It added each company has “a substantial output of oil from oil sand (sic) resources in Alberta, Canada,” and declares that such production results in “far higher greenhouse gas emissions than the global average.”
It says the companies have no specific plans to reduce emissions to an acceptable level “within a reasonable period of time” and adds their GHG emissions are not subject to a regulatory regime as stringent as the European Union GHG emissions trading system.
Alberta Energy Minister Sonya Savage said Norges Bank’s decision to blacklist four Canadian energy companies is “poorly informed and highly hypocritical.”
“Canada’s energy producers have some of the highest environmental, social and governance standards (ESG) in the world,” she said in an email.
Savage added that Alberta-based companies are doing their part with active strategies to reduce emissions.
“When it comes to the environment, Alberta’s overall average oil sands emission intensity has decreased 19% from 2011 to 2017 alone, with further reductions anticipated in the coming years through industry-led innovation.”
Meanwhile, she noted that Norway is set to drill a record number of oil wells.
The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers criticized the bank’s move, noting that the industry is making environmental progress as the country’s leading investor in environmental protection and innovation.
“Attempts to stifle Canadian production by restricting financing can have only one effect; countries with lower environmental standards — and in many cases lower social, human rights and governance standards — will fill the void,” said association CEO Tim McMillan.
Cenovus CEO Alex Pourbaix said the company has reduced its emissions intensity by about 30% over the past 15 years and is targeting another 30% decrease by 2030. It is also aiming for zero GHG emissions by 2050.
“Pulling investments from the oil sands and claiming it’s for climate change reasons is more about publicity than fact,” he stated.
Suncor also said it will reduce emission intensity per barrel by 30% by 2030.
Canadian Natural has pledged to work toward a zero-emissions target without giving a specific date, using technology to improve efficiency and earning credits through its carbon capture and storage operations.
Imperial says it reduced the carbon intensity of each oilsands barrel by more than 20% between 2013 and 2018, and is developing technologies that could reduce intensity by 25 to 90% for future oilsands production.
Norges Bank says it’s the first time that GHG emissions have been used as the reason for excluding companies on ethical grounds.
However, it has warned since 2017 that the Canadian oilsands producers could be excluded because their emissions are higher than the global average.
“One of the largest investors in the world is saying the oil sands emperors have no clothes when it comes to action on climate change, so they’re out,” Greenpeace Canada senior energy strategist Keith Stewart said in an email.
“This is the way the world is heading.”
The investment exclusion comes as oilsands producers are cutting spending plans, salaries, production and dividends because of a dramatic decline in prices for their products as well as limited pipeline capacity to transport it.
— By Dan Healing