LAC-MEGANTIC,Que.—The Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) is set to release its final report on the catastrophic train derailment in Lac-Megantic, Que., that killed 47 people.
The July 2013 disaster destroyed a swath of the community’s downtown and spewed millions of litres of crude oil into the environment.
It was sparked when a runaway train owned by the now-defunct Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway Ltd. (MMA) careened into the town shortly after 1 a.m. July 6, 2013, and jumped the tracks, exploding into fireballs that were spotted by satellites in space.
People are still being treated for post-traumatic stress, while efforts to rebuild are still underway in the aftermath of what the safety board described as potentially the worst disaster of its type in Canadian history.
In May, the rail firm and three of its employees were charged by Quebec prosecutors with 47 counts of criminal negligence causing death.
The accused are train engineer Thomas Harding, railway traffic controller Richard Labrie and Jean Demaitre, manager of train operations.
Class-action lawsuits are pending and there are also demands for an independent inquiry.
The TSB said at the time of the derailment it would take months to investigate but took the unusual step about two weeks later of recommending immediate changes to rail safety.
It urged that dangerous goods should not be left unattended on a main track and that rail equipment be properly secured.
Transport Canada issued directives on July 23, 2013, that at least two crew members must work on trains that carry dangerous goods and that no locomotive attached to one or more tank cars carrying dangerous goods can be left unattended on a main track.
The MMA train had been left unattended by its sole crewman, its engineer, while he rested for the night at a nearby hotel.
Early reports said the train’s brakes became disabled, allowing it to roll into the town.
The TSB said last year as its investigation progressed that the crude oil carried by the train was as volatile as gasoline but had been labelled as a less-dangerous product similar to diesel or bunker crude.
The buyer was later revealed to be Railroad Acquisition Holdings LLC, an affiliate of New York-based Fortress Investment Group.
Government and industry have continued to tighten rail regulations since the tragedy.
The federal government pledged in April to pull all old, rupture-prone tank cars, known as DOT-111s, off Canada’s rail lines in the next few years.
Millions of dollars have been pledged to rebuild Lac-Megantic.
The federal and Quebec governments have said they will split the cost.