Smouldering underground embers beneath the Bridgeton Landfill burn just 1,000 feet from a buried Cold-War era nuclear waste dump
ST. LOUIS—A plan to make sure an underground St. Louis-area landfill fire doesn’t reach a cache of Cold War-era nuclear waste buried nearby will come before the end of 2015, an Environmental Protection Agency administrator said.
Mark Hague, acting chief of the EPA region that includes Missouri, said the agency is working with the state of Missouri on the plan for keeping the smouldering embers beneath the Bridgeton Landfill from moving at least 1,000 feet to the nuclear waste at the West Lake Landfill, a federally funded Superfund site since 1990.
Hague said the permanent fix would be decided by “solid science, good engineering data” and not outside pressure. He declined to estimate when a solution would be in place, but he noted that options could include installing an in-ground fire break or suppression barrier, or injecting inert gases that snuff the smouldering waste.
“It has taken a long time, and it’s time to get a final remedy in place,” Hague said after Missouri Attorney General Chris Koster called for the EPA to solve the problem “without delay.”
Citing the need for “good, sound” engineering data that supports a permanent solution, Hague said “that work takes time. We’re not going to rush it just for expediency.”
On Saturday, a fire blamed on a faulty utility pole ignited brush on the West Lake Landfill’s grounds. Firefighters quickly doused the blaze, and Hague said testing showed no immediate evidence residents were endangered.
Hague insisted the subsurface smouldering was “not rapidly advancing” toward the buried cache of nuclear waste, and he called prospects that fire could reach the radioactive material a “highly unlikely event.”
Government officials quietly have adopted an emergency plan in case the smoulder _ dating to at least 2010, its origin still unknown _ ever reached the nuclear waste, unleashing a potentially “catastrophic event” that could send up a plume of radioactive smoke over a densely populated area near the city’s main airport.
The “EPA says it is moving toward a final protective remedy. It must implement that remedy without delay,” said Koster, a Democrat running for governor whose office is suing the landfill’s operator, Republic Services.
“While there has been much back-and-forth over the past few weeks over how dangerous the landfill might be, at least three things are certain: The landfill is still burning, it still stinks and Republic hasn’t paid for the environmental damage it has done.”
Republic Services has downplayed any risk of the below-ground fire. Interceptor wells _ underground structures that capture below-surface gasses _ and other safeguards are in place to keep the fire and the nuclear waste separate. Republic Services is spending millions of dollars to ease or eliminate the smell by removing concrete pipes that allowed the odour to escape and installing plastic caps over parts of the landfill.
The Republic Services-owned West Lake Landfill was contaminated with radioactive waste from uranium processing by a St. Louis company known as Mallinckrodt Chemical. The waste was illegally dumped in 1973 and includes material dating to the Manhattan Project, which created the first atomic bomb in the 1940s.
The EPA is deciding how to clean up the waste.
No reports of illness have been linked to the nuclear waste. But the smell caused by the underground burning often is so foul that Koster sued Republic Services in 2013, alleging negligent management and violation of state environmental laws. The case is to go to trial in March.