Canadian Manufacturing

Federal government to run $1B deficit based on BoC forecast

Economic troubles in election run-up draw harsh criticism from opposition

OTTAWA—The Bank of Canada’s latest economic forecast puts the federal government on track to run a $1-billion deficit in 2015-16, casting doubt on the governing Conservatives’ promise to balance the election-year books, says a new analysis by the parliamentary budget office.

The results of the calculations, based on the downgraded projection released last week by the central bank, also trim the government’s expected surpluses over the next two years.

The bleaker fiscal outlook, released Wednesday, surfaces as political parties are pitching economic policies to voters ahead of the October election.

In its April budget, the Harper government predicted a string of surpluses, starting with $1.4 billion for this election year. The government forecast surpluses of $1.7 billion in 2016-17 and $2.6 billion in 2017-18.

But the budget office projects the government producing a $1-billion shortfall in 2015-16 followed by smaller surpluses of $600 million and $2.2 billion over the next two years.

Their calculations used fresh projections by the Bank of Canada, which last week lowered its outlook for economic growth in 2015 to 1.1 per cent, down from 1.9 per cent earlier this year.

Canada’s economy has been struggling, leading some to state it has slipped into recession.

It contracted in the first quarter of the year at an annualized rate of 0.6 per cent – in large part due to the steep drop in oil prices and the failure of other sectors to pick up the slack.

That number registered well below the federal budget’s projection that real gross domestic product would grow by 1.2 per cent over the first three months of 2015.

The budget office factored in positive offsets that have appeared since the release of the spring budget: lower interest rates and higher gross domestic product inflation. Their projections also use up the government’s $1-billion annual reserve set aside for contingencies.

The analysis was produced by the independent office following requests by NDP MP Nathan Cullen and Liberal MP Scott Brison. Both their parties were quick to jump on the results.

Despite months of poor economic data, the Harper government says it remains confident it will run a surplus this year.

“We remain on track for a balanced budget in 2015,” Rob Nicol, the prime minister’s chief spokesman, said in a statement following the release of the parliamentary budget office’s report.

Nicol noted the Finance Department’s latest fiscal monitor, also made public Wednesday, shows Canada posted a $3.95-billion surplus for April and May – the first two months of the 2015-16 fiscal year.

The Conservatives, including Prime Minister Stephen Harper, have said Canada is feeling the sting of economic problems around the world, including the crisis in Europe and slower-than-predicted growth in the United States.

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